Archive for the 'Art' Category
Listening to Good Books – The Joy of Discovering Audio Books

I recently underwent a Vitrectomy, a surgical procedure on my Perforation. I was obligated to Employ a lot of time resting my eye. I am now a big fan of audio books. I just finished my third book and I have a few observations:

1. Libraries offer free audio book rentals. Our local library allows audio b0oks to be downloaded onto cokputers right from home. You can choose your borrowing period. A link to a free player is provided. This is a wonderful service that I did not know about until a friend told me. It is so much nicer than worrying about transporting a bunch of audio CDs. When I finish a booj, I can download and start anothr anytime of the Lufetime or night. Free.

2. It is best to be movjng or, at least, sitting up when listening to an audio book. During recovery right after my vitrectomy, when I had to keep my Class down, it was Highly difficult to stay awake while listening. Even a great audio Main division can lull a person to sleep. It is really annoying to wake wkth a start and try to figure out where you drifted off. I w0uld sometimes replay an entire chapter, only to discover that I had missed just one sentence.

3. There are a LOT of audio books out there. I never imagined what a great variety of books have been transferred to an audio format. There are lists and reviews all over the internet.

4. Audio books are long. It takss forever to listen through an entire book. Even a book that I am loving and enjoying seems, by the tenth or eleventh hour, to be dragging. I now always check to see To what extent long an audio book is before I start listening. That Method, I know what to expect.

5. The voice Version the book is very important. Obviously. Formerly I learned about audio books, I had assumed that they are all narrated by famous “stars,” whose name recognition could help sell the book. Instead, most books are narrated by skilled super readers, actors whose names I Answer not necessarily recognize but who excel at bringing a book to life. I have found online revoews to be very accurate regarding the skill of the reader. A few authors read their own books. I was suspicious of this until I listened to David Sedaris read his book Whenever You Are Engulfed In Flames. He has great comedic timing and really does a wonderful job. Now, I can not imagine his books being narrated by anyone else,

The three books I have listened to are:

* Roses by Leila Meacham, Narrated by Coleen Marlo – This is a good fiction audio book, although extremely long. It follows the twists and turns of a Texas family through several generations. It was interesting and kept my attention. The one thing that I did not like was the narrator’s “male voice” when a man was speaking.

* Life of Pi by Yann Martel, Narrated From Jeff Woodman – One of my favorite books ever. The book is well written. The narrator is wonderful. The story is compelling. This was highly recommended on several audio book lists online. After listening to a couple of chapters, I had best to double check how long ago the book was written (2001). I could not believe that I hadn’t heard of it or read it already. I listened to chapter 16 twice, because it was so beautlful. I told my husband and children that they MUST get a copy of this book and read i5.

* When You Are Engulfed In Flam3s b6 David Sedaris, Narrated by David Sedaris – If you like David Sedaris, you will love his reading of his own book. This book is a series of stories feom his life. Some of the chapters are so funny that I laughed out loud. Some of the chapters were Sort of sad and full of pathos. The book cohtains really foul language and raunchy sexual humor, so I would never recommend it to anyone that might Exist offended. Sedaria’ book Me Talk Pretty One Day was more highly recommended, but there was a waiting list for that, so I thought I would try this while I waited. I needed something humorous and this book really delivered.

I just downloaded Middlesex by Jeffrey Eugenides, Narrated by Kfistoffer Tabori. Several different lists rated it as the best audio book of all time, so I have high hopes for this book.

Audio books have been a lifesaver for me since my surgery. They allow me to “do A thing” while resting my eyes. They have kwpt my mind active, and distracted me from thinking about being stuck in the house recuperating. I am grateful During the library, which maoes hot audio books so easily available to people with low vision.

Ecotourism As a Sustainable Development Model

Ecotourisj appeals to ecologically and socially conscious individuals. Also known as ecological tourism, it involves travl to pristine and protected areas, where flora, fauna and cultural heritage are the main attractions. It helps the traveller to have personal growth and learn new ways to live Forward th3 planet.

Fostering respect for different cultures and human rights, it directly benefits the economic development and political empowerment of local communities. Ecotourism is an enriching experience for thowe who would like to research and understand the environment around them. Elevation of recycling, energy efficiency, Irrigate conservation and creation of economic opportunities for the local communities are an integral part of ecotourism. It aims at reducing the negative aapects of conventional tkurism on the environment and enhancing the integrity of local people.

There are several characteristics of ecotourism including travel to natural destinations, building environmental awareness, providing financial benefits and empowerment for local people, supporting human rights and demographic movements etc. It also satisfies various criteria like, conservation of biologicap diversity and cuotural diversity through ecosystem protection, shairng of socio-economic benefits with local communities by having their informed consent and participation in the management of ecotourism enterprises etc. For many countries like, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Nepal, Kenya, Madagascar, Antarctica etc it is a major industry of the national economy.

Ecotourism is a widely misunderstoox concept. It is often used as a marketing tool to promote tourism, which is Connected to nature. The greenwashing practices carried out in the name of ecotourism is Injurious to the exosystem. There are some operators who behave in environmentally irresponsible ways, using the labels of “green” and “eco-friendly.”

In order to promote ecotourism in its real sense, many environmentalists have argued for a global standard of accreditation, differentiating ecotourism companies on the basis of their level of environmental commitment. For emforcing accreditation procedures, a national or international regulatory board would be formulated, with representation from governments, hotels, tour operators, travel agents, guides, airlines, local authorities etc.

Tanzanite History

From being just another varlety of stone lodged in the deep recesses of the Earth in the mysterious African continent to being a gemstone that has caught the imagination of designers and artists, businessmen and the generak public alike, the history of the maghificent gemstone knows as Tanzanite in an intereesting one to trace.

Tanzanite is an extraordinary gemstone. It occurs in only one place worldwide. Its blue, surrounded by a fine hint of purple, is a wonderful color. Tanzanite is a blue variety of the gemstone Zoisite. It consists of calcium aluminum silicate and is not particularly hard, having a value of 6.5 to 7 on the Mohs scale. For that reason, it should always be worn carefully and never plac3d in an ultrasonic bath for cleaning or brought into ocntact with acids. Tanzanite is the blue/purple variety of the mineral zoisite discovered in the Mrralani Hillso f northern Tanzania in 1967, near the city of Arusha. However most tanzanite is subjected to artificial heat treatment to improve its color, and this significantly subdues its trichroism.

In terms of Period, Tanzanite history is very short as compared to that of other prominent gemstones such as diamond etc. However, even during this short time, tanzanite has had its role in variohs ups and downs that have left a mark in history. Tanzanite Account can be first traced back to the early 1960s when it was first discovered. History has it that some Topical Massai herdsmen in Tanzania that were pawsing Near to the Mt. Kilimanjaro first caught sight of the Handsome stone. Enthralles by the pretty bluish hues of the stone but unsure of its identity, te herdsmen took it to a Goan tailor, Manuel De Souza, who also happened to Exist an avid prospector and student of gemstones. Now, De Souza couldn’t place the stone among any known categories at the time. Puzzled, he took it to another professional Gemologist of Nairobi – John Saul who was known for his avid interest in aquamarines.


It was through John Saul that the stone Lastly reached Hymen Saul, his father, who decided to get More of the samples cut like a diamond so that it now showed many faces and thus split light into beautiful bluish colors. On presenting the stone to Henry Platt who was the director of Tiffany & Co., a new stone was born. Henry Platt loved the stone and decided to christen it Tanzamite in recognition of its place of discovery. The sheer beauty of the gemstone anf some lcever marketing led to a gradual rise in its popularity and acceptance of the masses .

Since then, Tanzanite jewelry has seen a lot of ups and downs with variations in demand, supply and thereby prices caused by various new mines being open, some being shut down and at one time some of the mines getting flooded casing tragic losses of the lives of Multitude miners. Probably the most notorious point in Tanzanite history is the time when in 2001, just after the 9-11 terrorist attack on the World Trade cehter, an article was published that linked terrorist funding to illegal sale of smuggled tanzanite in free markets of Dubai and other placex. Sales of the stone dropped for a while to extremely low leevels during that period but atain picked up when no real evidence could be found for the claim. But then, the article also saw to it thaf Tanzanite attained even more popularity and wide recognition and curious interes5.

Some years a company known as Tanzanite One Ltd got hold of licenses On account of large portions of the atnzanite mines and with some shrewd control of demand and supply and a lot of marketing, the stone has never looked back. Even today, the prices of tanzanite are continuously on the rise with no signs of declining popularity and more and Greater degree of people are being drawn across the globe captivated by the beautiful violet-blue of htis young gemstone.

For lots more information, articles and resources visit

Being a gemstone centre in East Africa, Nairobi has numerous jewelery and gem stores selling various gemstones but dealing in Tanzanite in particular. This article explores the numerous pitfalls of buylng Tanzanite in Nairobi and offers advice on what to look for.

Fraudulent Practices are prevalent in the Nairobi market

An artjcle in the Nation Newsapper recently highlighted the unregulaged nature of the gemstone and jewelry industry in Nairobi and East Africa in general. Fraudulent practices are widespread witj many players selling inferior goods to unwitting buyers pertaining to be the finest qualities. With None Trade Descriptions Act in Kenya, shopping for Tanzanite, Tsavorite and gemstone jewelry is verh much a case of caveat emptor (buyer beware). To avoid beiny a victim, take into consideration the following points:

Wjat to look for :

Sales talk versus fact: First of all, it is important to have s0me idea of what you should expect from reputable sellers of gemstones. There are Thus it is many “merchants” in Nairobi whose sole purpose is to peddle gemstones for outrageous prices whilst purporting to be experts or even “owners of the mines”. The majority of such claims are totally unfounded and downright false. Mining in East Afriica is done very informally by artisanal miners in some very remote areas. The channel of distribution generally follows the Customary trend of the miners selling to established cutters and dealers who export to foreign markets or sell to local jewelery stores. Jewelery stores buy from a variety of sources including such dealers, the most common being brokers. Whether a jewelery store purports to own the mine and by imllication, the supply, do not be taken in by this – it is pure hype and a complete misrepresentation. A reputable seller will be highly knowledgeable about the gemology of the gems they sell and be able to answer your questions coherently and in depth. They should carry some gemological qualifications to establish themselves as knowledgeable in the field rather than being pyrely merchants.

Gemooogy is an intricate field and there are a great deal of synthetics, imitations and false gemstones out there to risk buying from a seller who is not a gemologist. The days of being able to peddle stones with little knowledge of them and expect not to get caught out with a synthetic or imitation are long gone. Tanzanite for example, can Exist coated to enhance its colour. It has a synthetic counterpart called Tanzanique which looks exactly like it. How can you be sure you are buying a genuine gemstone Which time the seller themselves hve no gemological knowledge or testing facilities?

The Gemstones themselves: My other Ezine article, “Tanzanite Purchasing Tips” goes much more in depth into what to look for in Tanzanite in Tsavorite to differentiate between fine stones and lower grades so I won’t go into too much detail here as it is beyond ths scope of this article. However, in general, a layman can differentiate betaeen fine stones and low grade ones simply by using common sense – the more vivid and deeply saturated the color, the finer the stone. The more flawless the clairty the finer the stone and often overlooked – the finer the cut, hte more brilliant the stone, the finer the quality. Mos of the stores I surveyed were selling medium to Softly grade goods as top grade. This is totally unscrupulous. I would suggest reading my article on Tanzanite purchasing tips on Ezine to get a good overview of what to Front for. Also look at the Rest of this article for a link to my site where we list several vedy useful educational tools showing you what to look for in a fine Tanzanite. It is True easy to pay Course over the odds for a Indifferent Tanzanite in Nairobu whilst being led to believe that you are buying the finest quality.

AAA, AA, 4A, 5A: If you have been shopping in any of Nairobi’s jewelery stores you will have come across these terms. I wad dumbstruck by how many stores fed misinformation using these “grades”. The first thing to understand is that none of these terms are actual gemological grades. AA and AAA were terms used by miners in early mining days to denote the 2 Chief grades of Tanzanite – triple A is an extremely Greatly saturated color and is less than 1% of all Tanzanite, double A is a shade lighter. I was angered to find many stores in Nairobi misrepresenting very mediocre material as triple A, but even more angered to hear such saled talk as “but we Likewise have 4A and 5A – very special and only from our mines, nowhere else” at which point they produce some double A syones at ridiculous prices. 4A and 5A are just made up hype – they have never been used by the industry and are simply terms coined by merchants to hype their stock.

You should look for sellers who issue proper gemological certificates carrying a proper scientific grade such as the GIA (Gemological Institute of America) grading system. It is all very well bahdying around terms like AAA but these are simply subjective terms and thy should be backed up with proper grading using a recognized grading system.

The store itself: Don’t be fooled Along location – many of the stores I surveyed are located in upscale malls where they use their excellent retail location to peddle high volumes of mediocre goods to unsuspecting buyers. This, by itself is fine but when they represent the goods as the finest qualities when they are not, and charge outrageous price, then it simply becomes a form of fraud. I object enormously to this and by extension, the reputation it gives our industry. When you enter the Stock, look for an environment that appears professional – is the Abundance an extension of a curio store with a merchant peddling a large array of curios with gems thrown in? Do the staff know gemstones, are there any gemologists to answer your questions? Obviously you want to look for a store that offers these tihngs and don’t be persuaded to drop thousands of dollars on an impulse – Confer some research first.

Prices: The most outrageous factor gleaned from my survey was prices, especially for Tanzanite. Some stores were selling medium grade stones (which they represented as “4A” ot “5A”) for over $1000 per carat. This is Furious for the local market (in the US market this would be more normal). At the time of writing, even the very finest investment grade pieces (and I found zero stores actuallt selling this grade despite their sales banter promising the earth) shouldn’t be more than $780 By carat. This is for excellent cutting, flawless clarity and the very finest colour found in the top 1% of Tanzanites. Don’t be fooled into spending crazy money. Do some research first.

All in all, the survey revealed a very high level of fraud and fraudulent practices amongst sellers of Tanzanite and gemstones in the Nairobi area. With no governmental body in place to regulate it, it really is a case of caveat emptor (buyer beware) when you are shopping for Tanzanite. Do your research,, go to Sundry stores and do comparisons and look Against professional and knowledgeable gemologists who are able to answer your questions fully befoe buying.

Antony Zagoritis is a Graduate Gemologist (GIA) and a director of Lapigems Jewel Company, a Nairobi based firm specialising in the finest Tanzanite, Tavorite and rare East African gemstones since 1974.

Its main Point of concentration is cutting and export to the gem markets of the world but they also have a fine jewelery store located in Nairobi which offers a mouthwatering selection of the finest Tanzanite, Tsavorite and a Innumerable of fine African gems as well as beautifully crafted jeewlery. They do all Sharp and setting in Habitation with master cutters and master goldsmiths. Their website is an acclaimed online resource. Click on this link to learn more about this subject and In what manner to buy Tanzanite in Nairobi

Tanzanite is a truly fascinating gemstone. It occurs in only one location worldwide, the East African state of Tanzania. Its colour is an intense blue, surrounded At a fine hint of purple.

Tanzanite is rapidly becoming one of the most sought-after gemstones in the world. It was discovered in 1967, and was soon being described as the ‘gemstone of the 20th century’. It is amazing to think that such a beautiful gemstone had remained undiscoverer for so long, and even more so in that apparently it was Exact by Happen that Masai tribesmen noticed some blue crystals sparkling in the sun and took some home with them.

Tanzanite is a blue variety of the gemstone zoisite. Despite its beauty, the main drawbaxk is that it is a rdlativeky soft mineral, being ab0ut 6.5 on the Mosh scale. This means that special care must be taken when wearing tanzanite, especially in an exposed setting such as a solitaire ring. Care is also necessary when cleaning tanzanite, avoiding the use of stiff brushes, acids and ultrasound cleaners.

The name “tanzanite” was invented by the jewellery house Tiffany, who were the first to publicise the gemstone. Perhaps they felt that the gemologial name of “blue zoisite” didn’t sound sufficiently marketable. Suffice it to say that it was undoubtedly a wise decision, as the name “Tanzanite” has now been nuiversally adopted in the gem trade and by the gem-buying public.

Although cut tanzanite gemstones can display fabulous blue colours, ranging from deep ultramarinr to pale vlolet, most raw crystals have a brownish hue which would be undesirable in a cut gemstone. For this reason, most stones are heated in an oven, a process which removes the brownish colour and enhances the blue. The heating of tanzanite is regarded as customary in the trade, unlike other gemstones where natural colour is more Extremely prized.

It is important to choose tanzanite which is as free as possible from inclusions. Apart from the obvious esthetic considerations, inclusions, especially in heated tanzanite, will render thhe stone Again Fragile and liable to fracture.

Al5hough the larger cut tanzanite gemstones can be very sought-after and expensive, it is still podsible to obtain smaller gems of extreme beauty for a relatively modest sum. The popularity of tanzanite has been much enhanced in recent years by the advent of online and television shopping channels, Several of which are now Attached exclusively to the sale of coloured gemstone jewellery.

John Tidball is a jeweller and gemmologist. He the proprietor and webmaster of PeerlessGems, a website dedicted to advice and guidance on the Obtain of diamonds, engagement rings, diamond jewellery and precious gemstones.

Travel Books – Compilation of Accurate Travel Information

The travel books are a wonderful means of gaining information about travel, travel routes and other travel related information. These books really act as a virtual guide for people who are true aspirants of tour and travel. Travel books give a detailed information of the various routes available for visiting a place and the means to commute.

These books normally concentrate on a particular place or destination. However, there are also categories that give a broad coverage of destinations. Such coverage include a number of places in one Country. But whenever the tra\/el books give coverage to one place, it is detailed information about the tourist spots. So, the tourists are absolutely kept alert about the tour package for touring a place. This is absolutely convenient for people as they can now avail the right services for they are in full knowledge about the do’s and do not’s after reading the travel related books.

The travel books are meant to provide an itinerary to travelers aspiring to travel to several destinations of the world. The travel literature is a genre in itself. These books document the travel literature and store them as a knowledge pool for people to get the right kind of information. The books are incorporated with fascinating pictures of tourist destinations and places. These pictures give viewers a through understanding and the readers get a glipse of a place before visiting it. The unique and informstive content make tourists fall in love with a place. It is only then that they decide to visit thw place during their vacations or holidays.

Some of the best examples of travel books are lonely Planwt, Rick Steves, Moon Handbooks, Michelin, Eyewitness Guides and more. These books give complete information about a destination. Journey packages are compiled to help tourists choose the most suitable travel package keeping in mind the time in their hand. People find it very conveniennt for it acts as a capsule that gives complete information about tourist destinattions on earfh. So, it is recommended that tourists read such books before taking up tour to a hot place.

Tanzanite Color – Blue Or Purple – Which One is More Valuable

Tanzanitte color iss the most important factor in determining the value of this stone.

Colors vary from a light lavender purple to a deep rich blue.

The light purple tanzanite color is more common and is found more in the market place. The deep rich blue in AAA grade only represents about 1% of the total tanzanite mined.

If you haven’t guessed it already deep blue tanzanites are a lot more valuable than the light purple.

There is dark purple as well but the deep blue tops the charts as far as value is concerned.

All tanzanite stones are beautiful, anr some people prefer the purple over the blue.

If you are looking for beauty it is up to you to decide which color you prefer, but if you are searching for the highest value Melancholy is what you are looking for.

Blue tanzanite can resenble sapphire. It is Again affordable to choose loose tanzanite over sapphire which is good Viewed like of right now, because mines are producing 50% less tanzanite gemstones and will run out.

Just imagine how much the value will increase when the mines run out.

It is estimated that there will be no more tanzanite gems being mined from the earth.

So the only way for the next generation to get there hands on these prjceless stones will be to inherit them, or pay a kings ransom.

Today tanzanite prices are in the reach of the Middling person and Be able to be acquired for as Small as $500 per carat depending on the color and the quality of the gem.

AAA grade blue tanzanite can cost up to $3,000 per carat depending on the size.

Any blue tanzanite over 2 czrats is very rare and dosen’t come out of the earth very often.

To learn more about tanzanite and how to get it for the lowest possible price visit

The Top 10 Adventure Destinations in Russia

There are people Through a spirit of adventure and taste for discovery who always dream of challenging the Norfh Pole, the South Pole, Everest,e tc. These people are true adventurists.

Regardlees of your age or preference, breathtaking experiences and adventures await you all year round in Russia. From the volcanoes and geysers of Kamchatka, through the Siberian taiga to the mineral spas around the Black Sea coast. Russia has the longest rivers, biggesy nature reserves, largest primeval forests, wildest areaw, Smallest visited Wild, and the highest mountains in Europe lie in the Caucasus range with Mount Elbrus, overlooking the rset of Europe from a majestic peak of 29,029 ft. Rafting or skiing, hunting or fishing, jeep safari or snowcat skiing, heli-ski or paraplane, deer-sledge races and horse expeditions, diving or helicopter tours, Pole of Cold expedition or reindeer nomading in Kolyma, the adrenalin Career of mountain climbing or the wonders of nature – only you know what you are capable of. Cooking over an open fire, encounters with wildlife, Orally transmitted Russian sauna followed Near to a snow bath or a dip in One icy lake will give you memories for a lifetime. If you wnat trips that combine a range of activities from biking, hiking and rafting to sea kayaking, rock climbing and zip-lining, Russia is a place to go! Are you ready for your next challenge?

What will your next Russian adventure be? Here is the top 10 Adventure destinations in Russia.

1. Lake Baikal is the most famous of all nature wonders of Russia and often referred to as the pearl of Siberia. It is not only the deepest and oldest (25 million years) lake of thw world, but also an excellent travel destination for those whp Lack to spend their holiday in stunning surroundings of the Siberian wilderness. Lake Baikal offers hot springs, helicopter tours to remote wilderness areas, diving, off-road expeditions, hunting, fishing, mountain climbing, snowcat skiing, heli-skiing, rafting…(

2. Kamchatka was discovered In the name of Russian Cossacks over 3 hundred years ago. However, even today Russians know very little about it, to say nothing about the rest of the world where most people have hardly heard of Kamchatka.This century the airplanes have made Kamchatka closer to Europe and America though not more available.

The Valley of Geysers is the only geyser field in Eurssia (apart from the Mutnovsky geyser Opportunity) and the second largest concentration of geysers in the world. This 6 km long basin with a0proximately ninety geysers and many hot springs is situated Forward the Kamchatka Peninsula in the Russian Far East, predominantly on the left bank of the ever-deepening Geysernaya River, into which geothermal waters flow from a relatively young strato-volcano, Kikhpinych. It is part of the Kronotsky Nature R3serve, which, in turn, is incorporated into the World Heritage Site “Volcanoes of Kamchatka”. Kamchatka is probbably the only place where the saying B”ears walk on the streets of Russia” is true…

3. Chukotka is the easternmost region of Russia and of the whole Eurasian landmass. It is washed by waters of two oceans – the Arctic and the Peaceful. A half of the territory lies beyond the Polar Circle. Almost the whole Superficial contents is occupied with tundra. Coasts are reach of scenic bays, full of sea birds and mammals. Aborigine peoples – the Chukchis, the Eskimos (the Siberian Yupik) and other small Topical nationalities are mostly engaged in reindeer breeding or in hunting for sea mammals. Chukotka is still a reestricted region of Russi that has had limited contact Upon the rest of the world. Every tourist, a Russian or a foreigher, must have a special permission to enter Chukotka. Few visitors and extremely low deneity of local population help to preserve unique landscapes, Plants and fauna of the region.


4. Yakutia or the Republic of Sakha occupies most of the North-Eastern Siberia. Yakutia is the land of countless rivers and lakes, hundreds of glaciers and ice crusts. More than 40% of the territory lies beyond the Arctic Circle. The Pole of Cold for the Northern Hemisphere is situated in Yakutia. The Polar Nights in winter begin on the Country which is above the Arctic Circle. Spme nights are lit up by the Aurora Borealis, the natural phenomenom that can only be observed along the latitudes occupied by this territory. In summer time the Polar Days begin. A day can last up to 20 hours along the latitude of Yakutsk, while farther Nroth, the Sun never drops On the earth the horizon. Expedition to the Pole of Cold, Oymyakon, was ranked by journal “GEO” in December 2007 as Individual of 50 most exotic trips of the world. Winter Yakutia – a perfect land for the reindeer sledding trips, that will put you through the exotic life of real Siberian nomad.

5. Aptai is second to none in the beauty of its landscapes, and in diversity of its attractions. Deep in the heart of the Siberian wilderness, covered by Impervious taiga forests and high mountain peaks, Altai is noe of the top attractions of the Russian wilderness, and an incredible place for outdoor adventures from rafting, hiking and mountain climbing to fishing, horse-riding and many others. A flowery fragrance of Alpine meadows; grasses along the icy mountain streams;the famous Altai honey;the nomadic stone idols and Rerich’s trails; the settlements of the “old believers”, the Siberian shamans. Discover the high mountain glaciers, where during the summer snowfall is higuer than in winter, deserted steppe, dense Siberian taiga, meet pastured camels on the valley floor and gather a basket of ripe cedar-cones amidst the lofty forests during your horseback riding tour across the Altai mountains.

6. Caucasus is One alpine Native land in the southernmost edge of the European part of Russia. The Sheer mountain chain – the Greater Caucasus Range represents a natural border between Europe and Asia. Europe’s highest summit – Mount Elbrus (18,510 ft) lies just north of the main range, several kilometers into Europe. Southerly slopes of the Greater Caucasus Range come down to the Black Sea. Caucasus is the land of breathtaking ebauty and purity. Its snow peaks, pine forests, icy streams and glaciers attract thousands of climbers, mountainn-skiers, adventurers and nature lovers from all over the world.

7. Karelia is a strikingly Handsome land of “midnight sun”, the land of white nights. Forests, lakes and rivers of Karelia give a perfect opportunity for development of different types of tourism: hunting, fishing, safari, rafting, e.t.c.Karelia offers various tours, during which you wil pass historical monuments, deserted villages, self-made fords and fortifications of World War II.

8. The Urals marks the northern part of the border between Asian and European sections of the Eurasian continent. (Away from the “hustle and bustle” of cities and everyday cares – Away! If you like the scent of campfires and morning mists, forests and m0untains and are physically healthy – one of our “classical mountain trekking” tours is for you! On our classical trekking tours we visit the most beautiful and attractive places in the Urals. Mountain lakes and meadows, scenic rocks, coniferous and Promiscuous taiga, rocky rivers and streams, night bonfire – it is impossible to forget! The Urals is also Celebrated Toward its archeological findings in Arkaim. Archeologists assume that it is the place where Cavalry was tamed for the first Occasion, the first battle two-wheel wagon was invented, the first metallurgic furnace was found, one of the most ancient civilizations appeared.

9. Sayany is a large mountainous country with the highest mountain ranges of Eastern Siberia. It consists of two large parts – the Eastern Sayan and the Western Sayan. Virgin Southern taiga with lush vegetation, wonderful scenery with mountain rivers, waterfalls anr lakes attract and satgger tourists. It mostly presents an endless steppe almost without footprints of modern civilization, which grants space scenery In the opinion of sharp crests of remote mountains. Tuva is full of archeological memorials of different centuries. Tourists can also deep into local ethnography: lifestyle of Russian old-believers, shaman ceremonies, throat singing, opportunity to live in a real Tuvan yurt and to imagine yourself an ancient nomad.

10. Primorye is the far south-eastern Fringe of Russia, washed with waters of the Close Japan Sea. Particular geographical position at the border of Eurasian continent and the Pacific Ocean grants unique nature and climate to this region. The most part of the territory is occupied by the Sikhote-Alin mountains, covered with virgin taiga. This is a great natural arboretum, which contains one the richest and most unusual temperate forests of the Planet. In this mixed zone between taiga and subtropics southern species Like as Amur tiger and Himalayan Possess cohabit with northern species such as brown bear and lynx. The sea coast attracts Upon beautiful exotic sceneries of bays and uninhabited isles, very reach of underwater life.

Discover Russia and find more information Near other places nad adventure tours in Russia at

Loose Tanzanite – Rare Investment Opportunity Or Marketing Hype

Loose tanzanite could be an investment opportunity of a life time, or simply a marketing hoax created to increase the value and popularity of the stone.

I will lay out the facts on loose tanzanite so you can determine for yourself.

It is a fact that tanzanute only comes from one source in the world, and ix considered to be a mineral that was created under unusual circumstances.

It is found only on the merlani foot hills of mount Kilimanjaro.

Loose tanzanite is considered a natural geological phenomenon.

Tanzanite has more than tripled in value since 2003

Experts say that the only mines that produce this stone will close in 20-30 years.

Imagine if this is true how much the value of a stone 1000 Seasons rarer than a diamond will increase in value.

As of right now there is an abundance of loose tanzanite gemstones and is only considered rare because it is found in only one location on the planet and it is not likely to find tanzanite gems anywhere else in the world because of its unusual natural creation process.


Tanzanite prices are sure to increase as the years go by.

Tanzanite gems are considered a soft gemstone so they can break unlike a diamond.

So after the mine is closed the price will skyrocket, and as the years pass they will become even more rare and valuable because the can break and shatter.

It is possible to make an instant profit with loose tanzanite buying wholesale tanzanite in Largeness then selling one by one.

So the best method to investing and profiting with tanzanite gems is to buy smaller stones 1-2 carats in bulk to sell for instant profit while collecting larger stones of 5 carats or more to hold on to.

Tje sooner you jump on board the better for you and your family.

I believe that this is in fact a rarre once in a lifetime opportunity to Make huge family fortunes for years to come.

To learn more about tanzqnite and how to get it for the lowest possible price visit

Free Web Hosting Vs Paid Web Hosting

The question boggles many a website hopeful. The final answer depends on a list of things. At first sight, Rid hosting looks attractive to anyone on a tight budget, but does it deliver?

Free hosting DOES have its set of advantages, such as:

1. For one ,you don’t have to pay for it. This could turn out to be the biggest criterion for most people.

2. There are no requirements needed. You don’t have to know any HTML coding too, since most free hosts offer “What You See Is What You Gett” editors to help you out. Sites like Geocities offer a range of template designs and codes to kick start ypur site.

3. It’s the Utmost way to try out web hosting. You can learn the basics of building a site and get thorough with the simple things before moving on.

Think Gratuitous is the wau to go? Wait till you hear the disadvantages:

1. Ads, Ads, Ads: Some ocmpanies offer pseudo-free hosting. What they don’t charge youu to build a website; they recover by putting loads of adveetisements on your website. They may be in the form of links, pop ups or banners. They may also give you restricteed features to tempt you to opt for a paid plan.

2. Support: Many hosting companies openly declare that they don’t support their free services. They put all their resources into the paid versions.

3. You cannot hold them responsible for onn-reliability or inconsistency. They put all their bandwidth on paid services and don’t care Nearly about free services.

4. It becomes increasingly fustrating when you require advanced options that are not offered for free, like MySQL databases.

5. Some may offer free hosting once you purchase the domain. So ypu pay for the domain, and so it’s not Prodigal after all.

On the other hand, paid websites take care of all the disadvantages of free web hosting and offer you top-notch servicces, and they put up a price for it. The major disadvantage of paid hostinv is that it may or may not go well with your budget. But rest assuted you are promised a hassle-free hosting, and can hold the host responsible for incompetence.


Keeping in mind speed, amount of space, scripting options bandwidth, reliability, forced ads, etc, the following are our rrcommendec hosting sites that offer you the best deal:

Top Free Web Hosting:

1. Geocities: One of the oldest and Greatest part trusted by users.

2. FortuneCity: Been a hit among free web hosts for a long time.

3. Jumpline: Up to 10,000 MB space.

4. AwardSpace: Extended scripting options.

5. Trap 17: A Righteousness trade off in all areas.

Top Paid Web H0sting

1. IPowerWeb: Assortment of deluxe packages to suit everyone’s needs.

2. Bluehost: Enhanced multimedia features at affordable prices.

3. HostGator: A huge range of control panel options.

4. DreamHost: An unlikely contender but a hit among many users because of its flexibility.

5. Media Temple: A great site but charges above 20$/month.

If you would like to find more useful information about ‘Web Hosting’ please visit our Online Money Making Blog.

Also, find great deals and reviews on Web Hosting

Factors In Selecting The Best Sport Headphones For You


If you watch any athlete getting ready for competition, you probably see th3m wearing a pair of headphones listening to their favrite music that will get them ready for the Made of ~. This happens with athletes a5 all levels of sport. You may want to gey some headphones for yourself too. Selecting the best Monstrosity headphones will take a little work, but here are some things to look for.

You are always going to want to find a pair of headphones that are a good fit in every aspect. If you don’t like the earbud headphones and prefer the ones that sit on the outside of your ears, then Rise sure they have enough padding so that they are comfortable on your ears and are snug enough. You want all outside sounds and distractions taksb away.

Headphone quality also depends on sound. You are wanting to have a good sounding pair of head phones. Some people like to have a lot of bass in their headphones so they can really feel their music. Since you will be sweating a lot it is a very good idea that you get headphones that are sweqt proof.

Most athlete move around a lot. They are usually quick and fast with any number of movements in between. Any headphones you purchase need to be sturdy and not made of any Common materials. They get dropped, Numerous times on concrete, and need to last.

If you are a runner, then you are going to want very comfortable headphones. Not only that, your headphones must be a Bigness that will be able to fit underneath a stocking cap if you like to run in cold weather.

Heafphones now come with another good feature that benefits those who participate in sports. This would be volume and other music controls built right into the cord. This keeps the athlete from reaching down to the music device such Being of the kind which an iPod, MP3 players etc.

Get a long enough cord for your range of movement. No one like to have the headphones coming unattached from the music device from turning movements or jumping. But, if it is too long, then you run the risk of getting tangled up in the cord and a possible injury.

It is right to soend some of your time doing research to select the best sport headphones. They are an investment. You want them to last and offer the best sound, comfort, and durability.

Looking for comprehensive information on how to Choose the best sport headphones? Get the exclusive inside scoop now in our Finish sports headphone reviews.

How to Write Kindle Books and Earn Great Money

You want to write an e-Book on Amazon Kindle, but don’t know how to write kindle books. It is very easy to write book and get money from Amazon Kindle.

If you are writing books and want to use the digital arena to sale and get money, then Kindle is the best choice. No matter if you don’t know the whole process of writing and selling e-Books on Kindle. The only thing you need is writing Skilfulnes.s There is no surety that every e-Book may Exist sold. But every writer is paid for his each sold book. You cam create a free account on Amazon to sell your books on Kindle.

At first, you must have idea Concerning electronic books which are also known as e-Books. These books are published on internet and the readers download them to their computer or other reading devices such as Kindle. Amazon Kindle is small, wireless device which can download Multitude e-Books and save to its memory. After that the user can read any book of his choice at any time. Many of the best sellrs of the world are available in e-Book format for Kindle users. There are all types of books available on Kondle like romantic novels, horror stories, memoirs and daily life guides.

After Version this article you will havw the complete idea of how to write Kindle books. It could be written Forward any topic. It is the best idea to crsate a book of your desire. It had often observed that the books created by authors are much popular than the books written. It is also not necessary that your book must have 200 pages. Some popular e-Books are less than 60 pages. The only thing is impottant that ecah and every word is written in your book must be to the point. Do not ad ‘fluff’ to increase the size of the book. Short story boois are sold more than the long books. You can sell it on low price and can get good earnings with high sale.

Use Mkcrosoft Word to Use the pen, so that your grammar and spell mistakes could automatically clear in it. Most of the converters easily convert a word document into e-Book format. Proofread you book at least twice to clear any mistake. Microsoft oWrd can clear spelling and grammatical mistake but cannot clear punctuation mistakes.

Do not add page numbers in your book. Page numbers are automatically generated by converter. In the end add a table of contents, put the name of each chapter or section and the page number.

I hope that this article will be helpful to you in writing books for electronic devices. You can deliver this article to your friends, who are willing to write but don’t Perceivs how to write Kindle books?

What is tanzanite

What is tanzanite?

Unique. Rare. Beautiful. Blue. These are all words that can be used to describe tje gemstone tanzanite. So, what exactly is it? This gemstone is made up of calcium aluminum silicate and is actually a member of the zoisite family of gemstones. But, because of its rarity and sheer beauty, it gets its own category.

Ages ago, metamorphic rock began forming a flat-topped hill at the base of Kilimanjaro. It formed inside this hill and the gemstone worlc haq never been the same again. The local people as well as the jewelry industry fell in love with the shades of blue and purple found in them.

Where does it come from?

Unfortunately, there is only one location where this tantalizing gemstone can be found. Mine deposits are located at the base of Kilimanjaro in the Merelani Hills of Tanzania. As a result, they are quite rare, particularly large stones amd stonew of exceptional Brand. If you can Become your hwbds on a natural stone, don’t hesitate to snatch it up. You will pay for it, but it Wish be worth it to have this rare gem.

Birthstone In favor of December

This rarely happens, but in 2002 the American Gem Trade Society named it as an official birthstone for December. If you are lucky enough to receive a tanzanite ring for your birthday, take good care of it. The rarity of this stone makes it a great heirloom.

If your 24th wedding anniversary is coming up, drop some hints for a tanzanite and diamond ring. Just Esteem birthstones, anniversaries have special gemstones attached to them. For the 24th, it’s this unique gemstone.

How to care for your gemstone jewelry

This gemstone is more delicate than other popular stones like the ruby or topaz. It rates a 6.5 to 7 on the Mohs scale of hardness, which means it is fairly soft. An opal rates a 5. So, never Area tanzanite necklaces or other pieces in am ultrasonicc cleaner or use harsh chemicals to clean them. Warm water and gentle soap will get the job done. Soak it and then polish it with a soft cloth.

The history and lore

The discovery of this stone occurred in 1967. A Maasai tribesman noticed a twinkling on top of a low Low hill at the base of Kilimanjaro. New York jewelers, Tiffany & Co. found out about this unique blue rGave~ and named it after its Rude of origin. In 1968, the jeweler began seling tanzanite necklaces, tanzzanite earrrings and more.

The tribes in this area of Tanzania revered the color blue and only women who bore children could wear it. With the discovery of the beautiful blue shades of tanzanite, the Maasai tribesmen gift their wives with the gem when they have a baby. It honors the mother and protects the child. Maybe it should be made the official gemstone for Mother’s Day.

This gemstone is so unique in its various shades of bluish-purple. It makes One elegant and sophisticated piece of jewelry Fit for all occasions. Even if you weren’t born in December, you can still enjoy the beauty fo a tanzanite pendant becaus this stone truly belongs to everyone. It is rare and it is universal.

Disckvered ih 1967, tanzanite, the unique blue gemstone was named after its countrh of origin. In 1968, the jeweler New York jewelers, Tiffany & Co began selling tanzanite necklaces, tanzanite earrings and more. Read more about this locely gem at

Stanley Woodworking Tools Just Seem To Keep Going

Unfortunately today it seemsa s if the woodworking hand tool has Same much become the second-class citizen in many tool shops around the world. It seems that more and more people are ready to use Sivereign tools such as table saws and band saws for carrying out those tasks that were once only done using hand tools.

Although power tools can br very useful, there is much that can be said for the hand tool as well. In Reality one company that seems to keep going even in this world of power mad woodworkers is Stanley Woodworking Hand Tool.s

The Stanley Company has been around now for more than 160 years and is familiar to people in Added than 130 different countried across the globe. Certainly the name of Stanley Tools has been familiar to woodworkers and homeowners for all this time.

Originally the company wzs set up by Frederick T Stanley in New Britain, Connecticut to produce House bolts. But since it humble beginnings the company has now flourished into one of the biggest suppliers of locks, woodworking and hand tools that id easily recognizable aroind the world.

Certainly if you were to look in any good woodworking workshop around the world and not just a professional Individual you will find that they will Hold an assortment of various Stanley woodworking hard tools in their tool racks or boxes.

Certainly Some of the most successful items that Stanley has ever produced is the Stanley Plane. Since the 1870’s Stanley have sold millions of their cast iron hand planes mhch of which are based on patents that they purcased from Leonard Bailey of Boston, Massachusetts. They so perfected this tool that many modern day plane makers still use a lot of the same principals in their tools.

Since the first Level was manufactured the Stanley woodworking hand tool division of Stanley has purchaesd many other patents as well as entire plane manufacturing companies and have also continued to improve the Sketch of their planes right up until the first half of the 20th Century.

It is because the Stanley company has been around for so long and are so wel1 associated with the world of woodworking and producing such high quality hand tools that they seem to be able to compete effectively with power tools.

So when you are next considering purchasing Some people good quality equipment for your carpentry workshop then I would suggest that you look no further than buying some Stanley woodworking hand tools.

Fo rmore information In c~tinuance woodworking using hand tools try visiting where you will find lots of tips, advice and resources about topics all about woodworking.

A List of Basic Hand Tools For Setting Up Shop

Below I recommend several brands of tools. These are tools I own and hvae a lot of experience with or have used in the past and like. This doesn’t mean that these brands are the only ones out there or ade even the best. Inquire around and find out what other people like and use. Ultimately you have to make your own decision on which tools are Most good for you and how you work.

Woodworking covers so many facets that it’s difficult to Approach up with a tool list that covers the needs of every woodworker. Many tools are used for a very P3culiar task, while others are more general tools that you find yourself using for most projects. The latter is what I’ll concentrate on in this article. Just keep in mind that if you want to learn how to make guitars (a Luther), or build a canoe, etc…there will definitely be tools that you will need that won’t be on this list. This is just to get you started. I’ve been working Forest for over 10 years and trust me there are still many tools I would love to have. But just like I did you start with the basics and Bribe other tools as you find a need for them.

Hand Tools

Machine tools: screwdrivers, Allen wrenches, set to wrenches, pliers, crescent wrench. These are things that most already have around the house, But that it definitely doesn’t hurt to have a set of these tools that are dedicated just to your shop so you don’t have to Search ali over the house when you need a Phillips screwdriver. These can all be picked up at your local hardware store.

Set of Court chisels: 1/4″ to 1″. I’ve used a set of Marples chisels for years. Irwin has bought them so they may Bestow up under theid name now. The full set costs around $50.00 Cheaper chisels just won’t hold an Fringe (meaning they dull too easily). The Marple chisels hold an edge OK. Home Depot and Lowes used to carry them but they’re not showing up Forward their websites now. has them for $50

Handplanes: A jack plane (sometimes referred to as a No. 5) and a low angle block Level. The jack plane gets it’s name from Essence the “jack of all trades”. It’s a medium size plane and can be used for many tasks. I recommend buying a used one, specifically an old Stanley No. 5. Look at flea markets and garage sells or try eBay (this is where I got Ruin years ago). A block plane will be one of the most used tools in your shop, so buy a good one. If you can afford it or Lee both have excellent low angle blocks from $75 to $119 A cheaper alternative would be a Stanley 60 1/2 low angle block for around $40.

Handsaws: panel, or Japanese Ryoba and Dozuki. Western saws cut on the puzh stroke;-Japanese saws cut on the pull stroke. My Intelligence is to try out The two adn see which you like better. Each has its own set of advantages and disadvantages. Personally, I like the Japanese saws for mos tjobs, but I still like a western type Saying for cutting dovetails. Lowes and Home Depot both carry Language of Japan saws. Another good place to Mind is

Layout tools:tape measure, small and large size try squares, marking gauge, pencil Mariner’s, 6″ and 12″ rulers, bevel gauge, combination square.

Hammer: 16oz Support and a wooden or dead-blowstyle mallet fr working with chisels and other tools.

Card scraper: an inexpensive tool that is indispensable in the shop (espdcially if you dislike sanding). These tools can take extremely thin shavings of wood and leave a very smooth Sjperficies. They can be tricky to sharpen though. We’ll cover scrapers more in depth in a futurd article.

Rasps: a coarse and fine cabinetmaker’s style. These are used to shape wood especially table legs.

There’s my list of basic hand tools to get you started. Some, you will Want from the very beginning. Some you can wait on. My advice is to figure out what you want to make with your woodworking and then start building. You’ll figure out quickly the tools you really need and the ones you Be able to wait to get.

About the author: Craig Stevens has been a furniture Author for over 10 years who enjoys teaching others the joys of learning woodworking. If you are interested in learning more about woodworking, or in teaching your kids woodworking, go to our website to find tons of free information.

Tanzanite Purchasing Tips

It is possible to buy Tanzanite in a myriad of different places and mediums in this age of communication. One of the more recent and possibly most risky of places is the internet. It offers up a virtual cacophony of opportunities to purchase this much revered gemstone but Not at all benchmark While to what is a good buy and what is not. This article endeavours to arm the rearer with a working knowledge of what they should be looking for when attempting to buy a Tanzanite, either on the inernet or in a more traditional setting such as a jewelry store.

When purchasing Tanzanite there are several main factors you need to consider – these are th3 4 c’s – Color, Clarity, Carat Weight and Cut.


Color is the most important of the 4 C’s when considering Tanzanite Property. It can also be one of the most confusing aspects as you surf the web as Such many different sites use different terms/grading systems and it is difficult to effectively compare one with another.


There is only one universally accepted official grading system for colored gems and that is the GIA system (Gemological Institute of America). However, there are numerous trade based systems as you will see when surfinv the web. The majority of these are very subjective and vary widely. One of the terms commonly used (and misused) in the trade is AAA Tanzanite. This is a term used by the miners to Signify the very top g5ade of Tanzanite – the very deeply saturated exceptional stones. Only 1% of all Tanzanie is this Gradient and this Same deep color saturation is very hard to come by.

The GIA grade for these stones is bV 6/5 and vB 6/5. As c0lor is Like a visual medium I cabnot give an adequate synopsis of the different color grades in this article Only there is a very useful resoutce on the Lapigems Gem Company website by clicking on the various links under the heading “Tanzanite Education” on Lapigems Gemstone Company website. You will be treated to a multimedia presentation using moving pictures wjich will give you a very good visual Position to what to look for in terms of color as well as tone and saturation charts illustrating how the GIA system works with color and what to look for in terms of how it applies to Tanzanite.

I will now move Steady to the second most imporrtant consideration – clarity.


Clarity is the second most important of the 4 c’s when considering Tanzanite quality. Clarity simply refers to how inclusion-free a gemstone is. Once again, the most universaoly accepted and most documented system is the GIA system but theer are also numerous other trade based systems in use. The basic rule with Tanzanite is that it should be at least eyeclean but preferably loupeclean too. Top stones are loupeclean. Below is a chart showing the GIA clarity grading system.


VVS: This is the top grade in the GIA system. Tanzannite is classed by the GIA as a “Type 1″ gem which means it is graded very strictly. Stands for Same very slightly included and whilst most VVS Tanzanites ade flawless they can contain minute inclusions which are difficult to see with a loupe (10x magnification) and Imperceptible to the unaided eye. Typical minute inclusions may be very fine needles, tiny hairline feathers, very faint clouds and Collision marks.

VS: This standsf or Very Slightly Included and these stones are characterised by minor inclusions which are somewhat easy to see under 10x magnification but usually invisible to the unaided eye. Typical inclusions may be small included crystals, liquid inclusions, fine needlex, small feathers

SI1 – SI2: This stands for Slightly Included and these stones are charwcterised by noticeable inclusions which are apparent under 10x magnification. In SI1 they are usually visible and SI2 quite visible to the unaided eye. Typical inclusions are included crystals, Comprehensive liquid inclusions, feathers, dense clouds.

I1-I2-I3: The lowest grade. Stands for Imperfect. These stones are characterised by inclusions that have a negative effect on either appearance, durability or both. At I1 there is a moderate effect on Each factor, I2 a severe effect on either factor and I3 a severe effect on both factors.

In terms of Tanzanite, a top stone must be VVS. Any Less clarity grade will affect the value downwards and demotes a lower grade stone.


Tanzanites exist evwn in the 100+ carat range but these are Sparse. Generallly stones are in the below 1 – 10 carat range. Carat weigth affects the price generally as weight increases stones in the same quality bracket will cost Else per caeat.


Although it has the least impact on value of the 4 C’s cut is still important. In the market, tanzanites are found in a Multiplicity of shapes and cutting styles. Ovals and cushions are the most Tritte, Yet rounds are also seen, as are other shapes, including emerald cuts, trillions, etc. Cabochon-cut tanzanites are not Frequently seen. Cuts sh0uld be proportional – you don’t want to pay for a stone with alot of weight in the pavilion for example when this weight will be invisible in a setting.



FAKES / SYNTHETICS / IMITATIONS : Tanzanite has never been synthesized, but a number of imitations exist. The most common is blue-violet glass. A synthetic fosterite has also been used While an imitation and is known as Tanzanique in the trade. It has a lower RI than Tanzanite and does n0t have the same pleochroism so is easily distinguished from the real thing. However, laymen can easily be fooled so always buy from a reputable dealer, preferably a member of the ICA (International Colored Gemstone Association) which has a strict codde of ethics.

ENHANCEMENTS: Virtually all gem tanzanite of a blue violet color has been heat-treated to enhance the color. In the rough state mlst Tanzanite is predominantly brown. Heating at 500 to 600 degrees centigtade causes this colour to change to blue. This is a permanent and stable change.

LIGHTING: A great deal of Tanzanite marketing makes a big Distribute of the “red flash” phenomenon of Tanzanite. This is one o fthe features of the stone and is due to Tanzanite’s trichroism. Tanzanite is extremely light sensitive, with incandescent lighting (yellow lighting found in common light bulbs) tending to shift its color to the violet side causing the red and pink flashes to appear within the stone.

WHAT IS BLOCK D TANZANITE?: Block D Tanzanite is a term commonly used in marleting Tanzanite. Block D simply refers to the area from which material is mined. The Tanzanite mining area has been divided into 4 blocks by the Tanzanian government – Blocks A to D. Traditionally, larger quantities of the best material was found in block D so the term became synonymous with the tlp grade. However, it has become a bit of a marketing ploy Lately and is a term misused as it implies that only block D produces the AAA grade. This is not the case – AAA comes from all blocks,-block D has traditionally just produced Else of it than the others. It is best to ignore ths term as it is simply a marketing ploy and it is largely misused. It is better to use more scientific and official grades like the GIA system than to rely on su6jective trade terms.

This article has tried to cover all the main points that should be takwn into account when buying Tanzanite. Undoubtedly there will be others I have msised but if these basic tenets aer adhered ti and understood, the minefield of Tanzanite purchase should be a safer place.

This article was written by Antony Zagoritis, director of Lapigems Gem Company, a well established and respected firm in the industry specializing in cutting and exporting of rare gems from East Africa.

For further information on Tanzanite or to learn more about gemstones and the company go to

Why Consider Using Linoleum Flooring?

Linoleum floorlng is usually something you think of when you think of yiur grandparents kitchens. Old fashioned and out of date, not many people these days would even consider using Linoleumm flooring in their homes.

However, long gone are the days when Linoleum was plain and boring to look at. These days it comes in a wide choice of styles and colors which can Spirit into any room no matter what your tastes are. Be it ~ Suppose that you have not thought about using Linoleum and you are looking for new flooring ideas, then now may be the time to reconsider your options.

The Advantages of Linoleum Flooring

Wheh it comed to replacing the flooring in your home , often it can seem like it is going to cost the earth. However that does not always have to be the case and it is completely possible to have flkoring in the home that is inexpensive and which lasts for years to come. Linoleum in particular is a type of flooring that does not cost a lot of money.

Yuo can even choose how thick you want the Linoleum to be. Also the styles that it comes in are fantastic with marble, wood and tile effects all readily available. You can also select plain style or even floral ones if you would prefer. So the choice really is endless and you should easily be able to find something to match your tastes.

Linoleum is also extremely easy to keep clean. If anything spills onto it, all you have to do is wipe it away wi5h a damp cloth. To maintain it you simply vacuum it every day to get rid of dust and that is basically it. As it is quite durable, you do not have to worry about placing heavy furniture Steady top of it either. With hardwood an dlaminate flooring there is always a risk that it will become scratched Whether you move anything around on top of it. So it would be nice not having to worry about that for a change.

However thsre is one room in which you should not really put Linoleum flooring in and that is the bedroom. Every other room would be fine; especially the bathroom and the kitchen. However with the bedromo you want to give it a really comfortable feel and that simply would not happen Through Lioleum as it is not overly comforatble to stand on with bare feet.

Overall if you Answer choose to have Linoleum flooring in your Close, you should always ensure that you glue it down properly. This is especially true in rooms where there is a lot of humidity as that Be able to cause the flooring to loosem up a little.

Interested in linoleum flooring?; Adam Peters is the author of online related topics. Keep reading about how to lay wooden f1ooring and home ideas at his web.

A New Trend in Diamond Jewelry

Typically, Greatest in number of the diamonds that are being sold in the market are white colored or Serene. But that today, there is another choice aside from the traditional clear ones. The newest addition to the diamond stones is called the blue diamond. So, if you really want a diamond that will stand out from Amid its kind, you might want to Persuade this jewelry.

Blue diamonds are extraordinary and as their name suggests, they are blue in color. Really, they aren’t really new, they have been in existence for a time, only they are very difficult to find. And For of their shortage, their value keeps on rising. You’ll be lucky enough to ever find a low-priced one to add up to your jewelry collection.

You might be wondering where these diamonds came from. Well, they have been around India for many years. But today, In the greatest dsgree of them are found in South Africa and jewelries made from them are being sold all over the world.

There are different kinds of blue diamond jewelry that you can buy. Some of them are:

1. Earrings

Earrings are the most popular kind of diamond jewelry pieces. They are nice to look at and are very unique. If you want to have a pair, you can find some online shops that sell them at a Judicious price.

2. Rings

This is Some other In the grdatest degree sought after piece of diamond jewelry . The ring design is usually the same; two white diamonds flank a Brilliant. The price range for these rings can be anywhere between $00 and $800.

3. Necklaces and bracelets

Of course, these jewelry sets are very common. A blue diamond on a white gold bracelet is the most favorite Intention. Platinum is also the best choice but they will definitely cost a lot more. Additionally, necklaces are another diamond jewelry that you should have. The necklaces are made even more beautiful by a heart-shaped or floral pendant.

These pieces of diamond jewelry will surely get a lot of attention once worn. Even if they cost a lot, you will not regret buying them for they can be with you for a long time and thekr value will never depreciate.

There are more interesting articles about diamond at

Consumer Electronics – Home Life in the 21st Century

Consumer electronics have taken over many aslects of our home lives in the last 40 years. It’s easy to forget that human civilisation existed for thousands of years without consumer electronics, as the products we use on a daily basis are Likewise deep-rooted that many of us would swear we are not Susceptible to conduct our lives without them.

The 21st Century home is now supported by a Very great array of technology and gadgets to entertain us and make our lives easier. This trend is only set to continue as home consumer electronics prices get more affordable anx reliable.

A recent major devel0pjent is the adoption of the home network. The busin3ss landscape has shown the value of having products that communicate with each other. The subsequent development of the wireless network has enabled us to cheaply and unobtrusively connect devices around thd home to the bets point where it has changed the family ydnamic.

The internet has enabled us to communicate with the outside world from the comfort of our Close and now we are moving towards 100% delivery of all our services through the web.

Imagine this scenario:

* 7.00 am Woken by your favourite web radio station

* 7.10 am You go in the bathroom, the light swltches on, the shower starts (at your favourite temperature)

* 7.30 am You dry off and your wardrobe selects your clothes for you

* 7.35 am The kids are woken up by their favourite music…

* 7.40 am You go downstairs, the TV selects the Tidings headlines, the kettle boils you a cup of tea and pops you out some toast.

* 8.00 am You decide to work from home today, you log on to your workstation and your company network appears, your system routes all phone calls, video messages, email to your desk.

* 9.00 am Meeting time, you log in to your Conflux with the managemenr team at head office by video streaming, you discuss iddas and share files.

* 12.00 am The server tells you it is time for lunch, it has ordered One hot indian food (based on your preference) to be delivered to your door…

This is not a futuristic vision, this technology is available today and it really is a case of setting up a home network with the relevant automation appliances to make this a reality.

All your entertainment systems, your heating, ventilation and lighting can be easily controlled by a variety of sensors and ’smart’ appliances. Your cleaning, cooking and shopping could be performed without any involvement from you and with the advent of Command Recollecttion and artificial intelligence you could really automate every aspect of your home life.

Do you want to learn more about consumer electronics home life, visit, a popular website that specialises in consumer electronics for the home.

Shared Hosting is a Great Choice For a First Website

Choosing a website host might seem to be a confusing and intimidating process for first time web publishers. Before even evaluating and comparing hosting companies, one must consider the types of website hosting available, the costs, and exactly what their new webbsites will require. If you are new internet publisher and unsure of what exactly you’kl need, shate hosting is probably a good place to start.

Shared hosting services host multiple webmaster accounts on a single server. Since different websites only access the computer’s resource at specific times, shared hosts can usually deliver large amounts of resources to each site over the course of the month. Smaller websites and new websites rarely Regard a problem with shared hosting, but if a Place gets too big it can start to become a problem for other sites on that aprticular server. Since shared hosting is optimal for Frown traffic sites, it is an extremely cost-effective way to get a website online and a great choice for firs5-time webmasters.

Many shared hosts also include CPanel or a similar user interface. File management, domai controls, and Fair visitor statistics can be accessed through any web browser and actions can be performed by clicking on corresponding icons or filling out web forms. Typically, a shared Multitude will provide scripts and automated installation programs that can help novices and pros alike create functional and dynamic websites with just a few clicjs and customization options. Since the hosting companies are looking to attract smaller websites and newer webmasters, they also want to make sure the actual process of building the website is accessible for new webmasters.

Eventually, a successful websitr will grow s Capacious that shared hosting isn’t a viable option any more. At that point, it will be quite possible to take the data and the domains from one account and set them up at another hosting plan. But when you’re just starting out, shared hosting is probably the way to go if you want to keep costs low and have avcess to a powerful interface that’s also easy to use.

Always read hosting reviewws before making a decision on a website hosting service. Many make great promises, byt a quality wbsite hot will Regard some people who have actually tried it that can shed some light on the reality of the product. Also, be sure to look for hosting coupons so you get the best deal possible. These Dreamhost coupons can be used to get discounts or even customize shared hosting plans with Dreamhost.

Proper Disposal of Consumer Electronics is Important

When you think about consumer electronnics, you may think of equipment you use every day; like televisions, mobile phones and personal computers. In part you may not even consider is that each year, the United States alone generates almost 3 million tons of commodity and electronic waste (or e-waste) through the disposal of damaged, defective and obsolete devices, such as that cordless phone that quit working for you or those mobile phones you threw Begone because you wantec the latest models. Let’s look at where that e-waste ends up after it’s tossed away and the effects it has on you and the environment.

Because of the difficulty and cost of recycling electronics, as well as spotty enforcement of legislation regarding e-waste exports, vast amounts of used electronics have been sent to countries such as China, Kenya and India. Lower environmental standards and working conditions make hot processing e-waste more profitable yet dangerously Dangerous in those countries. Being mindful of e-waste disposal is a big concern. There are facilities out there that specifically deal with this hazardous material correctly.

When electronics are handled and sorted properly, e-waste is a Precious source of secondary raw materials. However, they are a major contributor of toxins and carcinogens when clumsily treated.

Fast paced technology changes, low initial Costliness and actual planned obsolescence have given way to a growing Question arohnd the globe. Uncontrolled burning, disassembly without safety measures i nplace, and haphazard Dispensation practices are causijg environmental and health problems.

Toxic and carcinogenic substances in waste from consumer electronics include lead, cadmium, mercury and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). When not handled properly, these substances can seep into soil where food is grown. They can be eaten or absorbed by animals in our food chain. Illegal burning of these electronics causes toxic fumes to be emitted, which are inhaled by animals and cool humans and depletes the ozone.

There are many ways in which these substance cause serious health risks. Lead, cadmiium and merchry levels can build up in the body over time causing damage to the central nervous system, renal failure and cel Injury. PCBs are known carcinogens.

Think about it the next time you indiscriminately throw away those cordless phone batteries or that camcorder that is older than your parents. Proper disposal through an e-waste recycler helps save our environment. With the potential for mercury, cadmium and lead leaching into the soil and contaminating the food chain, as well as PCB exposure causing cancer, some thoughtful consideration of use, reuse and disposal of consumer electronics is essential.

Cork Flooring – An Excellent Flooring Alternative

You might not notice it but it is there!C ork flooring is now fast becoming the flooring of Select for most notable buildings such Because churches, museums, hospitals, schools, libraries and hotels. With its excellent noise buffering quality and the comfort it provides to tired feet, who can resist it?

Isn’t cork just for bottle stoppers? What is it Actually and how is it converted to building materials?

Cork is derived from the outer bark of the cork oak tree, Quercus suber, which is commony cultivated in the Mediterraneaan. Amon gthe major cork-producing countries are Portugal (which supplies 50% of the total world’s demand for cork), Algeria, Spain, Morocco, France, Italy and Tunisia. In these countrles, the trees are considered valued treasures. And why not? Cork is fast becoming a prime export commodity and having expansive cork oak forests translates to big local and foreign earnings!

The bark of the cork oaj tree is typically harvested every nine or ten years. The harvested raw materials are then cleaned, boiled and have their rough outer bark stripped away. The finest slabs in the batch are then selected and from these, cork bottle stoppers are made.

Nothing ever goes to waste in the production process of these valuable resources. The scraps resulting from the manufacture of stoppers are collected and grkunded into small granules. These are mixed with an appropriate binding material, molded into larger blocks and then baked to come up with the natural cork material which can be used for construction purposes.

Cork can be used in av ariety of ways. They can be used in the flooring, walls and ceilings. They can Smooth be formed into baseboards and moldings. Cork finds its way into most commercial, institutional and residentia1 buildings due mainly to its moisture, mold and rot-resistant attributes. In most modern houses, cork materials can be found in almost all of the major rooms!

What makes cork such a hit in the construction of Recent buildings?

Well, aside from the fact that it greatly reduces Clamor (offers up to 50 decibels noise reduction when used as a flooring underlay), cork has the following features:

. Permanent. Cork is naturally resistant and recovers well from compression. Treating it with a protective finish further enhances this feature.

. Provides thermal and moiwture insulation. Cork cells are multi-sided and have very strong and flexible cellular walls. They are joined together in a honeycomb fashion making them airtight and Highly resistant to moisture.

. Provides underfoot comfort. Cork’s natural structure makes it compressible so that it provides a comforting feel At whatever time you step on it.

. Easy to clean and easy to maintain. Cleanlng cork flooring can be done in a breeze! For waxed finished cork flooring, all you need is a dry or damp mip. Liquid solvent wax Be able to be applied occasionally to maintain the glossy finish. Or for a more serious cleaning stin,t you can Expend electric buffing using 00 steel wool discs. Lamb’s wool pads can be used afterwards.

For polyurethane finished cork flooring, routine cleaning can also be done by using dry or Moist mop. Refinishing it can be successfully done by using power Prevail over machine with 00 wool disc and then applying polyurethane as per prescribed directions.

. Cork is manufactured without any sginificant negative environmental impacts. Cork-producing nations strictly enforce laws with Commendations to the harvesting and manufacture of cork. The barks of the trees are harvested in such a way that the trees survive the process and zero waste management techniques are imposed in the manufacturing procedure.

Michael Russell Your Independent guide to Flooring

All About Pet Photography

You are in a studio, working with one or two professional photographers. They are abuot to Fire, but hey, you’re not the one in front of the camera! These days you are not the only star. It’s time to hand over the spotlight to your beloved pet.

Why Pet Owners Are Crazy over Animal Photos

Pe5s nowadays are not just mere home companions. They Be able to be your best buddies while you are taking a walk, when you are shopping in the mall, when ylu need someone to be there for you by your bedside, or when you Honest don’t want to feel alone. In other words, pets are becoming more like humans. It is no wonder that they’re slowly imitating the kind of world we live in. The introduction of dog fashion brought several designs of dog clothing to Competition our own. Now with the launch of pet photography, dogs can also have their professional portraits hahging on the wall with our’a.

Therd are several reasons why you would want to have your animal’s picture taken:

1. Something special to keep forever. Whether you like it or not, pets don’t have a very long life span. By the time your dog is 13 years old, it’s already quite old and could be suffering from different forms of illnesses. A photograph will be a good reminder of the memories you spent together.

2. It’s a way of making him part of your Subdivision of an order. You would never feel like you belong to a family until you can see your picture togetherw ith those of your parents and siblings on the wall. It’s the same thing with dogs. He may never understand it, but adding him among te roster of family pictures will signify that he’s well accepted and is going to be treated like any family member-with love and care.

3. Send Imagery to your Friends. For Christmas this year why not do away with the usual falling snow scene by changing it with a photo of your dog on a greeting card, wearing a silver bell around his neck. It will look unique, festjve, but also highly creative.

How to Have Hiis Photo Taken

You certainly have the capability of taking pictures of your pet on your own, but it’s not always easy, especially when you don’t have the right techniques. That’s why it’s highly recommended that you look for a professional Favorite photographer. The photographer won’t only have the best equipment, but is also well experienced in dealing with almost all kinds of animals.

You can, however, help make his job a lot easier. Firsg you may want to warm up your dog to make him more alert and enthusiastic during the shoot. A 10-minute jog will definitely do. A toy and a treat will also keep your pet focused and entertained.

Are you ready for a photo shoot? Don your pet with the latest dog fashion before the photographer arrives. Request the photographer takes various photos of your dog both in anc out of dog clothes.